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General Information about Jhalawar



Jhalawar lies in the south-eastern part of Rajasthan, at the edge of Malwa Plateau. The region, known for richness in forests, has exotic flora and fauna and is a heaven for numerous species of birds which can be spotted on the roads as one drives along the lush-green fields. Unlike much of Rajasthan, Jhalawar has a rocky but water-laden lush landscape.  The summer temperature ranges from 47.0 to 32.5 C while in winter it is 32.5 to 9.5 C.  Jhalawar district is known for the highest rainfall in Rajasthan.  In fact it is known as "Cherapoonji"of Rajasthan with maximum average rainfall of the state (934 mm/yr). The quality of ground water is chemically suitable for irrigation as well as for drinking purposes. Adequate surface water is available in perennial and seasonal rivers and rivulets of the district.

Jhalawar district is an expanse of fertile, undulating plains having rich black-cotton soil. It is watered by several rivers, making it a forested tract at the southern extremity of the desert state of Rajasthan. The perennial rivers traversing the district are the Kali Sindh which flows northwards through the district to join the Chambal, Rajasthan's largest river, Parwan, Chapi, Shipra, and Ahu. There are a nmber of seasonal rivers namely the Ujar, Rewa, Chhoti Kali Sindh, Chandrabhaga and Newaj.  Just north of Jhalawar town, the Kali Sindh is joined by the Ahu River which drains the western part of the district.  Due to lack of harvesting of rainwater through water harvesting structures, there is soil erosion and waste of major natural resources.  It is estimated that 92% of rainwater is lost in runoff/evaporation.

Jhalawar district is surrounded by and well-connected to developed industrial and commercial cities like Indore, Ujjain, Ratlam, Bhopal, and Kota. National highway No. 12, which connects Jaipur (Rajasthan) to Jabalpur (M.P.), passes through various towns of the district like Jhalawar, Jhalara Patan, and Aklera. Broad gauge railway line connecting Delhi to Mumbai via Kota and Ratlam passes through the district through Jhalawar Road and Bhawani Mandi railway stations.

Kota stone mining: Environmental issues.

Places of tourist interest in and around Jhalawar

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S. Farooq

Department of Geology

Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh - 202 002 (India)

Phone: 91-7983159625