MAJOR ORE TYPES OF INDIA AND THEIR TECTONIC SETTING 

 

TYPES OF ORE DEPOSITS  

TECTONIC SETTING

LOCALITY

GEOLOGICAL AGE

1.

RELATED TO BASIC/ULTRABASIC IGNEOUS INTRUSIVES. 

1.1

Stratiform deposits in layered complexes

Cratons

Kondepalle(?)

Sitampundi(?)

Hassan

Early Proterozoic

Early Proterozoin

Archaean

2.

MASSIVE SULFIDE DEPOSITS IN VOLCANIC ASSOCIATION 

2.1

Cupreferous deposits associated with mafic volcanics

Rift-ridges/island arcs/craton-margin dislocations.

Kalyadi (S. India)

Ingaldahl

Singhbhum

Archaean

Archaean-E. Proterozoic

Early-Late Proterozoic

3.

ORES IN SEDIMENTS  

3.1

Sediment hosted sulfide deposits

Ensialic Rift Basins

Khetri

Mid-Late Proterozoic

3.2

Lead-zinc ores in clastic sediments

Ensialic Rift Basins/Epicontinental Basins

Agucha

Rajpura-Dariba

Archaean

Mid-Late Proterozoic

3.3

Lead-zinc ores in carbonate rocks (Bulk Mississippi Valley type)

Ensialic Rift Basins/Epicontinental Basins

Zawar(?)

Early Proterozoic

3.4

3.4.1

Iron Ores

 Banded Iron Formations

Greenstone Belts/Epicontinental Basins

Bababudan-Sandur

Bihar Orissa(?)

Archaean-E. Proterozoic

Late Archaean

3.5

Manganese Ores

Ensialic Basins/epicontinental seas/eugeosynclines

Bihar-Orissa

Madhya Pradesh-Maharashtra

Late Archaean

Mid- Late Proterozoic

4.

ORE DEPOSITS ASSOCIATED WITH ACID-INTERMEDIATE PLUTONIC/HYPABYSSAL ROCKS 

4.1

Porphyry-type copper deposits

Orogenic belts/subduction zones

Malanjkhand

Early-Middle Proterozoic

4.2

Tin-tungsten deposits

Orogenic belts with ensialic magmatism

Chhendapathar(?)

Late Proterozoic

5.

VEIN DEPOSITS IN METAMORPHOSED ROCKS 

5.1

Gold-quartz veins

Greenstone belts and Phanerozoic orogens

Kolar

Hutti

Archaean

Archaean

5.2

Uranium veins in shear zones

Regional shear zones

Singhbhum

Middle-Late Proterozoic

6.

LATERITIC DEPOSITS 

6.1

Bauxite deposits

Continental platforms

Bihar-Madhya Pradesh

Phanerozoic

6.2

Lateritic Ni-deposits

Non-specific

Sukinda

Phanerozoic

 

Notes & Handouts

The Himalayas

Kumaon Himalayas

Askot Basemetals

University

   


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