S. Farooq  
Department of Geology
Aligarh Muslim University


Basemetal Resource Information System for Pithoragarh District, (Kumaon) Himalaya – A Remote Sensing & GIS Approach

Transverse and Oblique Faults:

Numerous transverse and oblique faults and fractures cutting across various lithotectonic units are reported (Valdiya, 1978).  Two dominant trends have been identified – one of these trends NNE-NE/SSW-SW while the other has a NW-NNW/SE-SSE trend.  A few of the NNW-SSE trending faults coincide with the boundary thrusts lending credence to the belief that the thrusts are deep-seated faults.  The Raintoli Fault along the lower reaches of the Saryu valley coincides with the North Almora Thrust.  The Baram Fault following the Gori Ganga valley in its lower reaches delimits the Chhiplako klippe.  These are a few of the many similar faults in the Kumaon Lesser Himalaya.  Valdiya (1978) has surmised that “…the NNE/NE-SSW/SW trending faults show a remarkable parallelism with the deep seated faults in the basement of the Ganga Basin and adjoining parts of Peninsular India”.




Wallrock Alteration



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